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Fine Finishes for Fine Finishing

Chestnut Products for Fine FinishingLemon OilSpray LacquerMelamine LacquerFriction PolishMatt Spray LacquerAcrylic Sanding SealerCelleulose Sanding Sealer Wood Wax 22Steel Wool

Chestnut Products offer a wide range of finishing products which appeal to the woodturner and the woodworker alike.   The range we carry includes:-

NB:  Certain of these products cannot be shipped overseas due to 'hazardous substances' regulations.  These items will be indicated by a "pop-up" warning as they are selected.

Cellulose Sanding Sealer
(now also in spray cans) &
Shellac Sanding Sealer

For quick easy preparation prior to applying the top finish, Cellulose Sanding Sealer is just the jobCHestnut Products Cellulose Sanding Sealer is also available in a spray can A good finish starts with a good base and for most turning projects, that base is cellulose sanding sealer.  The advantage that the cellulose product has over the 'traditional' shellac-based products is its very rapid drying and the complete seal it produces over any dye-coats or other pre-finishes, preventing colour leaching during any subsequent finishing process.  For most turned pieces, the only finish needed over the sanding sealer is paste wax, or possibly solid stick wax.  However, don't use this sealer if you plan to use finishing oil as the sealer will inhibit the oil's penetration of the timber.   Now also available in a handy spray can for quick, clean, easy application.When using shellac-based traditional finishes, the correct base coat to use is Shellac Sanding Sealer

This product is available in half and full litre tins and is highly recommended for its smooth application, rapid drying and freedom from the sticky build-up on the surface which afflicts so many other sanding sealers.  Nibbed off with a piece of '000' or '0000' steel wool or a NyWeb pad, the timber will then be ready for the final finish to be applied.

Shellac Sanding Sealer is an ideal compatible basecoat under friction polishes or French polish, for traditional finishing, on interior applications.  This product is suitable for use on both lathe turned work and joinery.

 

Cellulose Thinners
&
Shellac Thinners

Cellulose thinners, a useful solvent and diluant from Chestnut ProductsFor cleaning up spillages or for thinning cellulose sanding sealer, the only product to use is cellulose thinners.  Thinning sanding sealer?  Yes, sometimes it is useful to use a very thin solution of sanding sealer to gain high penetration, in areas of 'pecky' (soft, spalted or decayed) timber to 'stiffen its resolve'.  It may also be found that the working solution tends to get 'thicker' if the top is left off, or as the tin gets older, due to evaporation.  The thinners can be used to bring the viscosity back to the original.  Spirit Thinners for use with spirit-based products.(However you can never really emulate the combining of materials achieved by the manufacturer, so always remember to keep the cap on the sanding sealer can and you'll not have that issue to contend with.)

If the product requiring thinning or cleaning is spirit based then you must use Shellac Thinners instead.  This is a clear, premium quality solvent suitable for use with Spirit Stain and other methylated spirit-based products such as French polish, Shellac Sanding Sealer, Friction Polish etc.

 

Acrylic Lacquer

Acrylic Sanding Sealer in 500ml and 1 litre sizesWith our increasing awareness of the damage which can be caused to our environment by the use of solvent-based products, there is a welcome trend towards the use of less damaging products.  Among these, the water-based acrylics have found ready acceptability and have proven very successful in a wide range of applications where solvent based products would previously have been employed.  We are pleased therefore to bring to you a new hard-wearing water-based acrylic lacquer for use on bare wood or over a base coat of acrylic sanding sealer (see below).

 

Acrylic Spray Lacquers

Gloss Lacquer spray produces a bright hard acrylic glaze on your woodworkFor a soft sheen, use Chestnut Products Satin Lacquer in easy-to-use spray formSharing many of the features of the Acrylic Lacquer referred to above, these versions are supplied in an easy-to-use spray can (CFC-free).  The two clear types offered are a Satin Lacquer and a Gloss Lacquer, the former giving your turnings a soft sheen whilst the latter imparts a hard glaze to their surface.  The lacquer in this form is quick-drying and can be used for a variety of other uses besides woodworking when a water-resistant coating is required.  Application should follow the application of a base coat for which the Chestnut  acrylic sanding sealer spray (see below) is particularly suitable.  It is important to follow the instructions on the can for best results.

Ebonising Lacquer is a pigmented product designed to coat most timbers and give the classic look of ebony.  The lacquer is designed to cover in one coat and is highly durable in most applications.  CFC-free.

 

Acrylic Sanding Sealer & Spray Acrylic Sanding Sealer

Environmentally friendly and with eas clean-up, Chestnut Acrylic Sanding Sealer is one of a new generation of high performance finishes.For ease of application, nothing beats Chestnut Products Acrylic Sanding Sealer in a spray canThis is the ideal base coat developed for applying under the acrylic lacquer introduced above.  As with the lacquer, this is a water-based product and hence much more environmentally-friendly than traditional solvent-based products.  It is a quick-drying formulation and in addition to its use under acrylic lacquer, may also be used as a basecoat for paste- or stick-wax finishes.  Hence, it may fairly be said to be a complete replacement for the more traditional basecoat preparations favoured hitherto.  A welcome step forward indeed, now also available as a quick-drying aerosol spray.

 

*NB: Prices quoted in pounds sterling. 
Value Added Tax will be added to invoices to EU residents unless
a valid VAT registration number is quoted when ordering.

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Timber End Seal

Timber End Seal is formulated to reduce cracking due to rapid moisture egress during timber drying. A really vital product for anyone who harvests and seasons their own timber.  Whilst it is possible to use melted paraffin wax and even messier approaches using greases and oil paints, this preparation really is the quick, clean and simple solution to inhibiting drying cracks in timber.  Simply paint it onto the end grain of wet timber when freshly cut and leave it a short while to dry off.  Slow drying of the timber in a cool,  dry place, out of draughts, should then result in dry, sound timber.

 

Finishing Oils
(inc. Food Safe Finish)

Chesnut Finishing oil - a long-term favourite and great as a surface over which to buff An oil finish for timber specially designed to penetrate the wood to give a natural water-resistant finish with a soft sheen.  Wax may be applied over the oil finish, once dried, to give a brighter lustre.  Oil finishes are favourites with many woodturners for the way in which they make the light reflect from deep within the wood, not simply off its surface - observe what happens if you put a little clear oil onto paper to understand this phenomenon.
Hard wax oil creates a durable waterproof finish on wood
Hard Wax Oil is a blend of natural oils and waxes formulated to give a clear gloss finish which is exceptionally hard wearing.  Thus it is suitable for use on worktops and flooring as well as items of turnery.  This versatile wax also complies with EN71 Pt. 3 - confirming its suitability for use on toys and nursery furniture.  Drying normally takeLemon oil leaves a bright citrus scent on your workpiecess about 4 hours.

An interesting example of the range of finishes is Lemon Oil.  This produces a near matt, low build finish with a fresh lemon aroma and natural water resistance.  (This is also the product that Chris Beardshaw recommends to Daily Mail readers as ideal for treating garden furniture.)
Tung oil is a vegetable-derived product and is the basis of most modern oil finishing products. This is the pure stuff!
Tung Oil is a natural, vegetable-sourced oil that has traditionally been used for finishing many treen items, being non-toxic.  It is also the basis of many of the finishing oils seen on the market, but this is the product in its "pure" form.  Applied direct to bare timber, this Food Safe Finish from Chestnut Products: it does what it says on the bottle - and the clue is in the name.oil will dry more slowly than modified oils and can be waxed over when dry.

The aptly-named Food-Safe Finish is a product that turners have been seeking increasingly as it becomes ever more difficult to buy (legally, at least) those products that have been the cornerstones of our treen finishes in the past.  It is a clear food grade oil for use with salad bowls, cheese boards and other items which may come into contact with food.  It dries to a soft satin finish and exhibits a high degree of water resistance.  It can easily be cleaned by wiping with a damp cloth.

 

Friction Polish & French Polish

A high build shellac-based polish for use on or off the lathe to produce a hard, bright, French polish style finish.  Simply hold a cloth (preferably a safety cloth) , or kitchen towel, moistened with the polish against the revolving work and let the friction heat dry the polish to a high gloss finish.  Warning: beware loose ends and trailing parts of rags which could get tangled in the rotating machinery or wrapped around the workpiece, causing injury to the operator.  The use of safety cloth helps minimise this risk as it tends to tear before any damage ensues.  A personal opinion is that this product is superb for smaller spindle-turned items but is not the easiest to apply on large smooth surfaces such as bowls over 6" (150 mm) diameter. If that's what you need, take a look at Shellawax Cream.

If you have a cabinet piece to finish, then the traditional finish for such work is French Polish. This contains a high proportion of shellac to give the traditional amber glow we associate with fine furniture. Use Shellac Sanding Sealer as a preliminary base and then apply French Polish using a traditional polisher's rubber (A ball of cotton wadding held within a clean cotton cloth - and nothing to do with the "London Rubber Company'!).

 

Melamine Lacquer & Melamine Spray

Chestnut Product melamine lacquer produces a durable waterproof surface on timber: good for goblets!Melamine lacquer in a spray can: makes even application a doddle.  Highly recommended If you are producing timber goods which are going to be subjected to water or other liquids, hot or cold, then this is the only finish designed to stand the strain!  Simply applied by rag or brush over a cellulose sanding sealer base coat, the lacquer is allowed to dry after which multiple coats can be applied, cutting back with steel wool between coats.  For most applications, three coats is sufficient, after which the finish can be cut back with 0000 steel wool or a NyWeb pad and wax polished to give a soft sheen or burnished to a high gloss.

 

*NB: Prices quoted in pounds sterling. 
Value Added Tax will be added to invoices to EU residents unless
a valid VAT registration number is quoted when ordering.

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Wax Polishes & Stick Waxes

Wood Wax 22 from Chestnut Products: an excellent paste wax for all wood finishingPaste waxes are a firm favourite with woodturners, offering as they do very quick drying, good penetration and a deep sheen over a simple sanding sealer base, or even directly onto the timber Wood wax 22 is available in a number of different coloursof dense, close-grained species.  However, many of the favourite formulations of the past contained toluene which is now under suspicion as a carcinogen.  This new-generation formulation from Chestnut Products contains no harmful solvents and is even easier to use than the older, potentially harmful formulations, and gives a superb finish with negligible effort.  Offered here are both a clear paste wax, "Wood Wax 22", and "Liming Wax" which is used to create a most attractive finish on open grain timbers such as oak, ash etc.  Note that Liming Wax should be top-coated with WoodWax 22 or Finishing Oil as it is not intended as a sLimin brush: used to open up the grain prior to the application of liming waxtand-alone finish. Because Liming Wax needs to "key" into the surface of the timber, it is beneficial to open up the grain before the application of the wax. This is most easily achieved using the bronze-bristled liming brush, listed, which will quickly pull out the softer grain, creating deeper fissures to hold the liming wax.

Microcrystalline wax is sometimes knMicrocrystalline wax, or Curator's wax is excellent for providing a durable finish on woodwork, resistant to fingermarks, water etc.ow as Curator's wax (because it is hard to get a shine on museum employees? - No, I didn't mean that!) because it is much favoured for use on valuable antique furniture as it is very benign in use, creating an excellent finish without introducing petroleum contaminants into the wood and drying without creating a build-up of polish.  This wax is very hard-wearing and has the additional benefit of being water-repellent.  The high melting point of microcrystalline wax makes it a very popular finish for much-handled items such as pens.

Chestnut products blended wax stickThe Carnauba wax bar is made from vegetable waxes and is, in fact, edible!Woodturner's wax stick is a blended wax bar, containing carnauba and beeswax, designed for use over sanding sealer to impart a high gloss finish onto turned items, especially spindle work.  Softer than other examples, this bar will not damage your work when applied.

Carnauba wax is a very hard vegetable wax, food safe, and capable of being brought to a very high shine when burnished onto your spindle work.

 
 

Gilt Creams

 To add extra 'zing' to your workpieces, these metallic pastes are ideal.  Bright, easy to apply and with dense, rich colours, these creams can be used either as an overall finish, as grain enhancers or to highlight detail in turned or carved (or both!) artworks. Use over ebonising Lacquer for a stunning effect and contrast. Available in gold, silver and copper colours.

 

Burnishing Cream

 Chestnut Products Burnishing CreamThis product was originally developed for use in reviving old polished and waxed surfaces, such as in furniture restoration.  However, recent feedback from adventurous woodturners has suggested that it is also excellent when used as a surface refinement treatment to burnish lacquer finishes, sanding sealer etc. when it will be found to impart a silky smoothness to the timber surface that simply invites a "touchy-feely" response from your fingers.  Try it and f-e-e-l the difference.

 

Steel Wool & NyWeb (Synthetic Alternative)

Steel wool - the traditional product for final smoothing and refining of the surfaceDespite the introduction of the synthetic alternatives to steel wool, many woodworkers still prefer the 'real thing' when it comes to de-nibbing of a surface preparatory to final waxing or finishing.   For smoothing sanding sealer coats and for applying paste wax, grade '0000' steel wool remains the product of choice for these craftsmen.  However, developments in the world of synthetic products have created new and excellent materials such as the Chestnut NyWeb product which equal, and in many applications exceed, the performance of the traditional abrasive.  In my own work, I routinely use NyWeb to apply finishing oil and final wax coats to help me develop the superb tactile finish which I love to present on my turned pieces.  Available in four grades spanning from what I gauge as somewhat coarser than 0000 steel wool through a "soft as a baby's bottom" UltraFine grade to a non-abrasive, white grade, ideal for applying polishes and waxes, this is a great product (mind you, you should see my babies).

One note of caution: if you are working with genuine steel wool on timbers with high tannin content, such as oak or chestnut - especially if the timber is wet - ensure that any fragmentary pieces of the steel wool are removed after finishing to obviate the risk of blue staining.  Of course, if you use NyWeb, any such concerns are obviated - another very good reason to use NyWeb.

 

Woodturner's Safety Cloth & Tack Cloths

Why take risks with your precious fingers in the workshop?  These economical safety 'cloths'Safety Cloths from Chestnut Products - designed tear under stress, keeping your fingers safe. Also have low absorbency so that finishing products are not wasted as they are applied - unlike kitchen towel! are designed to tear in the event of an entanglement with rotating machinery.  They're not a substitute for sensible practice, but they could save you from a nasty accident.  Ideal for applying friction polish, waxes, finishing oil and myriad other jobs around the workshop.  Unlike kitchen towel, these cloths will not absorb the polish as you try to apply it - think what a kitchen towel is designed to do!  Reduce your wastage of polishes and stop pretending to be economic by using kitchen towel instead!  Size of each cloth is approximately 345mm x 335 mm (13.5" x 13"), packed in threes, or economically in tens (10s).

Tack cloths for wiping dust from surfaces to be finished.When you have rubbed down the surface onto which you plan to apply the finish, you need to remove all traces of dust. Tack cloths are designed to do just that, wiping up the dust and holding it on the tacky surface to prevent it falling back to the cleaned surface.

 

Disposable Vinyl Gloves & Stockinette Rolls

A practical product which makes those messy jobs somewhat less irksome.  Ideal for applying stains, friction polish finishing oil and myriad other jobs around the workshop.  The gloves are lightly powdered to make them easy to put on and large enough for man-size hands.  Being non-handed, they can be used on either hand: very useful since for many jobs only a single glove will be needed.  They're also economical enough to dispose of - with due regard for environmental concerns - after use.

For general dusting, wax application, polishing and cleaning duties around the workshop a roll of stockinette comes in very handy.  Economical and versatile - it should be running the government. Available in 400 gm and 800 gm rolls.  Cut off as required using scissors.

 

Applicators - by Brush and Blow!

Chestnut Products foan brushes in mixed packs of 4. One each of 1; 2; 3 and 4 inch brushes. For applying water-based finishes, foam applicators - or "brushes" are preferred over bristle brushes of any type. These brushes can easily be washed out in cold water, underlining another benefit of the trend towards water-based products across all finishing applications. Shown below is our pack of four brushes with one each of 1"; 2", 3" and 4" brushes.

Two spray diffusers are included in the pack from Chestnut Products.Applying less viscous products such as spirit stains to larger areas, especially if you wish to blend different colours together (yes, it's you woodturners who are centre frame again!), the spray diffuser is a great idea.  Simply powered by blowing through one of the two pipes, the other dipping into the product to be sprayed, this is a long-proven piece of equipment that might take you back to childhood - especially if your school had a decent art department and an enthusiastic and enlightened teacher.

 

Spirit Stains

Spirit Stain from Chestnut Products, available in a range of rainbow colours Spirit Stain from Chestnut Products, available in a range of wood shades
For trials and smaller workpieces - such as turnings and carving - the mixed packs of raibow colours are extremely useful
For trials and smaller workpieces - such as turnings and carving - the mixed packs of timber shades are extremely useful

For use on most timbers, but especially good on hardwoods and previously-worked pieces, these spirit stains are quick-drying and have a high resistance to fading.  With very little tendency to raise the grain, this formulation minimises the possibility of your needing to re-finish the surface of the timber after staining, unlike water-based stains.  Two "Sample Packs" of 25 ml plastic bottles of spirit stain allow small projects, such as woodturnings, to be coloured or colour tests to be made in preparation for larger projects (you'll find these at the bottom of the following product list).  These stains may also be used to add colour to WoodWax 22 to create your own coloured waxes.

 

Cyanoacrylate adhesives ("superglue")

Chestnut Products thin superglue (Cyanoacrylate Adhesive) with the blue cap. Available in 20 gm and 50 gm sizes. Chestnut Products medium superglue (Cyanoacrylate Adhesive) with the yellow cap. Available in 20 gm and 50 gm sizes. Chestnut Products thick superglue (Cyanoacrylate Adhesive) with the black cap. Available in 20 gm and 50 gm sizes. Superglue Accellerato from Chestnut Products When it all goes wrong and you

An economical method of buying a high-quality anaerobic adhesive, often known as "superglue".  In three viscosities ("runniness") to suit small, medium and large gap-filling situations, this adhesive is supplied in 20 g bottles with caps colour-coded to minimise the chance of your mixing them up!  Also available is an accelerator and, in case all goes wrong and you're stuck to the job - a de-bonder!.

 

Buffing System, Domed Buffs & Accessories

The Chestnut Products Wood Buffing Kit comprises three 8 inch buffing wheels, three bars of poilishing compounds and two mounting arbors. Wood buffing undoubtedly creates an excellent finish, quickly and easily, on any object which can be brought to the buffing system.  The Chestnut Buffing Wheel Kit contains three 8 inch diameter buffing wheels (one for each polishing compound - it is important not to mix them), two bars of polishing compounds, a hard wax bar and mounting hardware to enable the kit to be mounted on the lathe.  No extras, no options, simply order it up and you're ready to go!

Polishing the inside of bowls, goblets etc. can present more of aThe Chestnut Products Bowl Buffs are available in three sizes. challenge and for these situations Chestnut have developed a range of bowl buffs in a range of sizes. Each "set" comprises three buffs used for Compound A (abrasive); Compound B (cleaner) and Compound C (wax) respectively. Please do not get them mixed up as each is optimised for the particular compound.

Consumable items, such as the compounds, and spare mounting arbors, are also listed, below.

 

Polishing Brushes - Hand & Power

Long handled brush ref: BRUSHLH from Chestnut ProductsChestnut Products supply a selection of brushes suitable for polishing and, selectively, applying finishing waxes.  For use by hand we offer an over-grown toothbrush measuring 11.5 inches (290mm) overall with aSmall round brush ref: BRUSHSR from Chestnut Products section of soft polishing bristles 6.5 inches (165 mm) long: this is great for polishing in awkward areas such as between the rungs, splats and slats of traditional wooden chairs and is know as the Long Handled Brush.  Next up is a 6.5 inch (165 mm) long hard-backed brush fitted with a comfortable loop Hand polishing brush ref: BRUSHHP from Chestnut Productshandle (imagine a high-quality boot-black's brush) which is good for polishing large areas of moulded and carved timber.  This is the Hand Polishing Brush.  For applying and removing wax in intricate places, the Small Round Brush in invaluable.  Looking like a traditional shaving brush this is 5 inches (125 mm) overall with bristles 1.1/8" (28 mm) long.

Rotary polishing brush for use in power drills or mounted in the lathe. Ref: POLB from Chestnut ProductsPower woodworking gets everywhere these days - even in polishing! Drum-shaped rotary brush for use in power drills or mounted in the lathe. Ref: DRUM from Chestnut Products For use in power drills we offer a plain Polishing Brush 4 inches (100 mm) diameter with bristles arranged parallel to the axis of the drill, perpendicular to the backplate of the brush.  The bristles tend to assume a soft domed shape in use dependent upon drill speed.  The Drum Brush is 8 inches (200 mm) in diameter and the bristles on this one are arranged radially from the axis of the drill: the section covered by bristles is 4 Domed rotary brush for use in power drills or mounted in the lathe. Ref: DOME from Chestnut Productsinches (100 mm) long (imagine several chimney sweep's brushes arranged on top of each other to form a drum shape). Finally we have the Dome Brush - a bristly hemisphere.  The diameter of the hemisphere is 6.5 inches (165 mm).  The spindles on all of these brushes for powered use will fit in a 3/8" (10 mm) drill chuck.

 

*NB: Prices quoted in pounds sterling. 
Value Added Tax will be added to invoices to EU residents unless
a valid VAT registration number is quoted when ordering.

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1997-2011 P. Hemsley.  The information on this website is the copyright property of Peter Hemsley & ToolPost Ltd.  Coeur du Bois and The ToolPost are trading styles of Peter Hemsley.  Whilst reasonable efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of information presented, no liability can be accepted for errors in this information nor for contingencies arising therefrom.  If you are inexperienced in any aspect of woodworking, we would strongly counsel that you take a course of formal instruction before commencing to practice